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Chronic Pain

What is Chronic Pain?

Chronic pain is persistent pain that lasts for weeks, months, or even years, beyond the normal healing time for an injury or illness. Unlike acute pain, which serves as a warning signal of tissue damage or injury, chronic pain persists even after the initial injury or illness has healed. Chronic pain can affect various parts of the body, including muscles, joints, nerves, and internal organs.

Types of Chronic Pain

Chronic pain can manifest in many forms, including:

  • Musculoskeletal Pain: Pain originating from muscles, bones, joints, ligaments, or tendons, often associated with conditions such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, or back pain.

  • Neuropathic Pain: Pain caused by damage or dysfunction of the nervous system, resulting in shooting, burning, or tingling sensations, often associated with conditions such as diabetic neuropathy or sciatica.

  • Visceral Pain: Pain originating from internal organs, such as the abdomen or pelvis, often associated with conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or endometriosis.

  • Psychogenic Pain: Pain that is influenced by psychological factors such as stress, anxiety, or depression, often exacerbating physical symptoms or contributing to the experience of pain.

Symptoms of Chronic Pain

Symptoms of chronic pain can vary depending on the underlying cause and may include:

  • Persistent Pain: Pain that lasts for weeks, months, or years, often occurring daily or intermittently.

  • Increased Sensitivity: Heightened sensitivity to touch, pressure, temperature, or movement in the affected area.

  • Fatigue: Chronic pain can be physically and emotionally draining, leading to fatigue, low energy levels, and decreased motivation.

  • Mood Changes: Chronic pain can contribute to mood changes such as irritability, frustration, anxiety, depression, or feelings of hopelessness.

  • Sleep Disturbances: Difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or experiencing restorative sleep due to pain-related discomfort or disruptions.

Impact of Chronic Pain

Chronic pain can have a significant impact on various aspects of an individual's life, including:

  • Physical Health: Chronic pain can impair physical functioning, mobility, and quality of life, leading to limitations in activities of daily living, reduced participation in work or leisure activities, and increased risk of disability.

  • Mental Health: Chronic pain is associated with high rates of co-occurring mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance abuse disorders, which can exacerbate pain symptoms and complicate treatment.

  • Social Relationships: Chronic pain can strain relationships with family members, friends, and caregivers due to changes in mood, energy levels, and social withdrawal.

  • Work and Financial Stability: Chronic pain can impact work performance, job satisfaction, and financial stability, leading to difficulties maintaining employment, managing finances, or accessing healthcare services.


​Effective treatment for chronic pain typically involves a multimodal approach that addresses both physical and psychological aspects of pain. Treatment options may include:

  • Medication: Pain-relieving medications such as analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), muscle relaxants, antidepressants, or anticonvulsants may be prescribed to alleviate pain symptoms.

  • Physical Therapy: Physical therapy, occupational therapy, or rehabilitation programs can help improve strength, flexibility, mobility, and function, as well as provide strategies for managing pain and preventing further injury.

  • Psychological Therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), or other forms of therapy can help individuals develop coping strategies, change negative thought patterns, and improve emotional well-being.

  • Interventional Procedures: Interventional procedures such as nerve blocks, epidural injections, or spinal cord stimulation may be recommended for individuals with severe or refractory pain that does not respond to conservative treatments.

  • Lifestyle Modifications: Engaging in regular physical activity, maintaining a healthy diet, practicing relaxation techniques, prioritizing sleep, and avoiding tobacco and alcohol can help manage pain symptoms and improve overall well-being.

How We Can Help

Our therapists specialize in providing compassionate, evidence-based support for individuals living with chronic pain. We offer personalized treatment plans tailored to each individual's unique needs and circumstances, with a focus on promoting understanding, resilience, and empowerment.


If you're living with chronic pain and seeking support, know that you're not alone, and help is available. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards managing chronic pain and reclaiming your well-being.

Therapists that work with Chronic Pain

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